A Farm House and Farmery suitable for a Farm of from Three Hundred to Five Hundred Acres in France, 1834.
Part 1: The Object and General Arrangement.
The object of the following Design, which is taken from the work of Morel-Vinde´, is to show what is considered by one of the first agriculturists in France a model farm house and farmery for a large farm. Like all Morel-Vinde´'s designs, it will be found to be the result of much consideration, both in point of arrangement and accommodation, and of economy of constructions; altogether it is eminently worthy of imitation, in countries where small timber forms the principal building material.
General Arrangement.. The farmery with its different courts, yards, and gardens stands on a space of about two acres: the general appearance is as in fig. 996, [above] and fig. 997 [left] is the general ground plan. This plan is arranged in four divisions. In the first may be seen the dwelling-house, a; an open shed on posts, b, under which linen is washed and dried, and maize, tobacco, onions, herbs, and various other garden productions are hung; the kitchen-garden, c; and part of a large pond, d u, for supplying water for washing, for watering the garden, &c.
The second division contains a large building, including a barn, stable, and cow-house, e; stands for ricks, f; plots of turf, g; and oblongs planted with apple and pear trees for cider and perry, h.Part 1: The Object and General Arrangement.
The third division contains the sheep-house, i; four farm compost heaps, h; the pit for stercorat, l; two plots for cider fruits, m; and a part of the pond, d, which is divided by a fence, u.
The fourth division contains the cart and implement shed, with granary over, n; a plot planted with fruit trees, o; two dung-pits, r; and the situations of open gutters, p p p, which collect the surface water, and deliver it either into the dung-pits at q q, or into the pond, d as may be considered most desirable. These four divisions are surrounded by a wall, t; and they are separated from each other by hedges, v.
The advantage of placing the different buildings which compose the farm house and farmery in four divisions, Morel-Vinde´ states to be as follows: - the absolute security against the communication of fire from one to another; the facility of maintaining an orderly administration of the business of the farm; and the thriving better of the different kinds of animals, as from their being kept distinct, they will run less risk of being injured by each other. We shall [Next month] now give the details of each of these divisions. (Note: Pictures in the house-plan-of-the-month have been photographed from the book, so these may be slightly distorted.)
Part 2: The Farm House, Estimate, and Remarks on the Dwelling-house.
Part 3: The Barn, Stable, Cow-house, Calf-house, Dairy, Cheese-room, Poultry-house, Pigeon-house, Piggery, &c.