Frame Cottage, 1875.

1. Verandas. 2. Hall, 9X31 3. Dining-Room, 16X23 4. Butler's Pantry, 10X13 5. Store-Room 6. Kitchen, 16X16 7. Kitchen Pantry 8. Servants' Porch 9. Staircase Hall 10. Parlor, 15X22 11. Library, 15X18.
Estimated cost, $14,000.

This design, which is somewhat irregular, has its entrance on the dining-room side, although the perspective is taken from the rear or garden view. The two front-rooms, parlor and dining-room, communicate by opposite folding-doors across the hall, forming a vista with the parlor windows at one end and a niche containing the dining-room sideboard at the other. The library is a spacious room with a large bay-window. The hall, which passes through the house, is nine feet wide, and is unobstructed, the stairs being placed in an alcove at the left. Passing through this alcove, we come to the butler's pantry, containing two dressers and a sink. This pantry communicates with the kitchen, store-room, main hall, and dining-room. It is connected with the latter by a double door swinging both ways, and closed by a spring, so as to shut off both odor and view from the kitchen.

The kitchen has a large pantry and a back porch. It is accommodated with private stairs leading to the servants' rooms above. The advantage of this arrangement is that when the residents are absent, the domestics may be shut off completely from the family portion of the house, while yet having free access to their own, by simply locking the doors of the wing on each story.

The second story contains five bedrooms and the bath-room. There is also a dressing-room, with conveniences, connected with the front chamber. The hall in this story has a well-lighted alcove, intended for reading or sewing.

The attic is quite roomy, having four good-sized bedrooms. Two of these are in communication with a recessed balcony, which, owing to its elevation, may command an extensive view. These rooms are kept cool by a loft between their ceilings and the roof. Both attic and loft are throughly lighted and ventilated.

This is a frame building, sheathed and clapboarded as described in design No. 1 [in the book, The Victorian Home].

The vignette, right, shows the rear porch or servants' entrance, with the kitchen pantry on the left. This porch is of good size, and provided with a settee.

One of the most important subjects in connection with a dwelling is that of proper heating and good ventilation. Modern improvements are excellent things until used in excess, when they become more troublesome than useful. This is especially true of ventilation, for however complicated and arrangement may be requisite for this purpose in a public building, yet in a dwelling the more simple the method, the more effectual will it prove in operation. It is perhaps difficult to say which, among so many, is the best system, but we would suggest the following as simple and effective. Warm air, as we are all aware, has a tendency to rise; hence, if we place our register at the floor and ventilator near the ceiling, the flow of air will be in a direct line between these points, and consequently only this portion of the room will be either warmed or ventilated. Where, then, shall the opening for ventilation be situated? Placing it at the bottom of the room, the warm air rises, as before, to the ceiling, but finding no escape there, it must seek a downward channel, by this means keeping all the air in circulation. It now remains for us to describe the construction of the ventilating flue. Every room in our house is supposed to have a fire-place, though we have obviated, in a great measure, the necessity of fires. Here, then, is unquestionably the place for the ventilator, and the whole complicated mystery of successful heating and good ventilation is solved by a large hot-air or steam furnace in the cellar and a fire-place in every room. The advantage of having the furnace large is that, if too small, the radiating surface is liable to be overheated, thereby destroying the vital properties of the air before it is introduced into the rooms; with a larger furnace a greater amount is admitted, which may be simply warmed instead of heated, so that the fresh air flows throughout the building in no way diminished in purity, but merely changed by having the chill taken off, and rendered mild and delightful. We would also advise, as a material assistance in the work of ventilation, a little fire in the grate, securing by this a better draught, and requiring less heat in the furnace. The old style of anthracite grates has almost fallen into disuse, and the English soft coal is taking their place. This is not only more cheerful, reminding us of the good old days of wood fires, but its effect upon the air is not so drying.

If wood or bituminous coal is used, however, the chimney flues should be built larger, as they otherwise are apt to become obstructed by soot.

The Victorian Home, interior design articles, 1870s
AND, The American Home, by Catharine and Harriet Beecher, 1869
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The Victorian Home Part 1: 39 e-pages, 17.8MB; Part 2:, 49 e-pages, 22.4MB. Part 3: 39 e-pages, 18.9MB;

The American Home by Catharine and Harriet Beecher, 1869, illustrated. 563 e-page PDF, 7.58MB

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